12/08/2009

The formation of US policy on Sri Lanka under Obama administration -1

SRI LANKA: RECHARTING U.S. STRATEGY
AFTER THE WAR

COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS
UNITED STATES SENATE
ONE HUNDRED ELEVENTH CONGRESS
FIRST SESSION
DECEMBER 7, 2009

COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS
JOHN F. KERRY, Massachusetts, Chairman
CHRISTOPHER J. DODD, Connecticut
RUSSELL D. FEINGOLD, Wisconsin
BARBARA BOXER, California
ROBERT MENENDEZ, New Jersey
BENJAMIN L. CARDIN, Maryland
ROBERT P. CASEY, JR., Pennsylvania
JIM WEBB, Virginia
JEANNE SHAHEEN, New Hampshire
EDWARD E. KAUFMAN, Delaware
KIRSTEN E. GILLIBRAND, New York
RICHARD G. LUGAR, Indiana
BOB CORKER, Tennessee
JOHNNY ISAKSON, Georgia
JAMES E. RISCH, Idaho
JIM DEMINT, South Carolina
JOHN BARRASSO, Wyoming
ROGER F. WICKER, Mississippi
JAMES M. INHOFE, Oklahoma
DAVID MCKean, Staff Director
KENNETH A. MYERS, JR., Republican Staff Director

LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL
UNITED STATES SENATE,
COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS,
Washington, DC, December 7, 2009.
DEAR COLLEAGUES: The administration is currently evaluating
U.S. policy toward Sri Lanka in the wake of the military defeat of
the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), one of the world’s
deadliest terrorist groups.


It has been six months since the end of the war, and the Sri
Lankan Government is dealing with a humanitarian crisis in the
North where hundreds of thousands are still displaced and homes
and infrastructure are destroyed. The Government faces many
challenges in transitioning to peace, and the international community
can help.


Sri Lanka is an important partner and friend to the United
States, so we asked two of our Senate Foreign Relations Committee
(SFRC) staff members, Fatema Z. Sumar and Nilmini Gunaratne
Rubin, to evaluate U.S. policy towards Sri Lanka. Ms. Sumar and
Ms. Rubin traveled to Sri Lanka with the extensive support of the
American Embassy in Colombo and the Sri Lankan Embassy in
Washington, DC, to conduct a week-long fact finding mission November
2–7, 2009, to see firsthand how the country was
transitioning after the war. They met dozens of government officials,
opposition party leaders, non-governmental organizations,
journalists, international donors, foreign diplomats, academics, civil
society leaders, business people, internally displaced persons
(IDPs), and Sri Lankan citizens in a variety of settings. In addition
to Colombo, they traveled throughout the country, including visiting
the IDP camps in the North, viewing demining activities in
the Northwest, seeing areas rebuilt after the December 2004 tsunami
and fighting in the East, and meeting local government officials
in the South.


Their report provides significant insight and a number of important
recommendations to advance U.S. policy in Sri Lanka. We
hope it will help stimulate debate on the nature of the U.S.-Sri
Lanka relationship and American interests in South Asia.
Sincerely,
JOHN F. KERRY,
Chairman.
RICHARD G. LUGAR
Ranking Member.

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