I think this article logically presents the fears the Sinhala Buddhists have and the extremists use to spread communal hatred.
I think that the leftists and other progressive elements that struggle for ethnic harmony and peace must consider these facts in their search for a more pragmatic approach in progressive politics.
Is there a Muslim Issue in Sri Lanka? An Objective Analysis
(adapted from —discourssions blog)
There is a verbal and action packed tug
of war in Sri Lanka these days between its people ideologically divided
into two opposite groups on this particular question. It has already
created a pandemonium, even among political parties, and it was reported
Muslim Congress is considering resigning from the government coalition, for government’s inefficiency to address the issue.
However, one of the salient features of
this debate is that no party or a person to the question was able to put
forward facts to support their positions rather than placing their
ideological positions on just opinions and claims. It has become a
battle of words, not facts.
In this backdrop, I think it is prudent
to submit an objective analysis, so that everybody can make use as a
common base to understand the question (if there one) and to formulate
solutions. I think proper identification of the question is the first
essential stepping stone for a proper solution.
One of the allegations against the Muslim
community of Sri Lanka is that they have a higher population growth
rate that would be a threat to the other communities of the country.
However, though this is a thing that is verifiable with ease, no one
has opted for that alternative rather than engaged in a blind quarrel.
So with the available demographic statistics of Sri Lanka, we will undertake the task.
Please go through the following link.
There the table1 is Population of Sri Lanka by ethnic group 1871 to 2012 and the table2 is Population of Sri Lanka by religion 1881 to 2012.
The last census of the country was held in 2012 and the previous one to it was held in 1981. Statistics given in the tables for 1989 and 2001 are estimates and therefore do not represent exact figures.
Following data is from the table1
Sinhalese (no)

Sri Lankan Moors (no)


1981 Census

10,979,400

1,886,900

1,046,900

2012 Census

15,173,820

2,270,924

1,869,820

Above population changes were taken place during the 31 years between 2012 and 1981.
Now we will calculate the (average) population growth rates of the ethnic groups.
Sinhalese — [(15,173,82010,979,400)/ 10,979,400/31] x100 = 1.2323%
SL Tamils — [(2,270,9241,886,900)/1,886,900/31] x100 = 0.6565%
SL Moors — [(1,869,8201,046,900)/1,046,900/31] x100 = 2.5357%
According to the above, population growth rate
of Moor community is over two (2) times of Sinhalese and almost four (4)
times of Tamils.
Therefore it is apparent that if these
ethnic population growths continue, the Moor community of Sri Lanka
passes the populations of SL Tamils one day and Sinhalese some time
after that.
Population growths follow Exponential Progressions.
With the use of Mathematics, it
can be shown that Moor population in Sri Lanka will surpass the Tamil
community in ten and a half years (10.5 years) and Sinhalese community
in 163.65 years. *****
Now look at the Table2 of the above link.
1981 Census

10,288,300

2,297,800

1,121,700 (7.56%)

1,130,600 (7.62%)

2012 Census

14,222,844

2,554,606

1,967,227 (9.71%)

1,509,606 (7.45%)

At the glance of the table you
will be able to see that Muslims have already surpassed Christians
during the period under consideration.
Now as we did for the communities in the above we will calculate the growth rates of religions.
Buddhist—[(14,222,84410,288,300)/ 10,288,300/31] x100 = 1.2336%
Hindu— [(2,554,6062,297,800)/ 2,297,800/31] x100 = 0.3605%
Muslim—[(1,967,227 1,121,700)/ 1,121,700/31] x100 = 2.4153%
Now applying the Mathematical
formula as before, we can conclude that Muslim religion will pass Hindus
in 12. 89 years and Buddhists will be passed in 170.45 years.
Another salient feature that should be
noted is that though the most of the Malay community in Sri Lanka are
Muslims, their population is declining. Their population has declined
from 47,000 to 40,189 during the period under consideration.
Now the concerned parties can use these objective data in their action for planning a violence free peaceful country.
*******************************************************************************************************************************
Mathematics
For instance say, this year’s population of a particular community is “A” and the growth rate is d,
If present population is denoted by T0, population after one (1) year is denoted by T1, 2nd year by T2….. and so on, Then,
T0=A
T1=A+Ad=———————– =A(1+d)
T2=A(1+d)+ A(1+d)x=A(1+d)(1+d)———–=A(1+d)to the power 2
T3=A(1+d)(1+d)+ A(1+d)(1+d)d————=A(1+d)to the power 3
…………..
…………..
Similarly,
Tn=————————————–=A(1+d)to the power n
That is if one community overtakes the other community in “n” years, Tn for both communities must be equal.
Now suppose, present Moor, Tamil and
Sinhalese populations as a, b and c respectively and their growth rates
as x, y and z respectively.
Now when Moors overtake Tamil population,
a(1+x) to the power n = b(1+y) to the power n
Therefore, b/a = (1+x) to the power n/ (1+y) to the power n
That is b/a = {(1+x)/ (1+y)} to the power n
Therefore, log (b/a) = log [{(1+x)/ (1+y)} to the power n]
Therefore, log (b/a) = n log {(1+x)/ (1+y)}
Therefore, n = log (b/a)/ log {(1+x)/ (1+y)} —————(X)
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